Infrastructure


Firm foundations for all investments
When compared with other regions of the country, Wielkopolska has a well-developed infrastructure. The region's infrastructure consists of many factors. It includes, among others, the road and railway network, as well as opportunities for water and air transport. The model of supplying electricity, gas, and oil is also significant. Good infrastructure is the basis for any investment. And those are plentiful in Wielkopolska. This means that infrastructure meets the requirements of businesses. The regional authorities, and the residents themselves, however, see the need to further expand infrastructure. Without constant development of the region’s infrastructure, it would not be possible for the region to fully open to investors and tourists from all over the world, as well as fulfil the needs of local residents.

 

Road infrastructure
Road infrastructureThe total length of paved, public roads in Wielkopolska amounts to 28,010 km, representing 9.7% of Poland's entire road network length.

The most important elements of Wielkopolska's road network are regional and national roads. The total length of national roads in the region is 1736.4 km. The total length of regional roads amounts to 2683.8 km, of which 364.2 km are located within the limits of various cities.

The southern part of the region has a well-developed network of national roads, complemented by regional roads, whereas the northern part of the region features less developed network of national roads, and a very dense network of regional roads.
The network of national roads within the region consists of:

  1. a 210.5 km section of the A2 motorway,
  2. 147.2 km of expressways, including sections of S5 expressway (Poznań's east ring road, Śmigiel ring road, Kaczkowo – Korzeńsko section), S8 expressway (entire length within the limits of the region), S10 expressway (Wyrzysko ring road), and S11 expressway (Poznań's west ring road, Poznań Krzesiny – Kórnik Południe, 1st stage of Ostrów Wielkopolski's ring road),
  3. other GP- and G-class national roads no: 5, 10, 11, 12, 15, 22, 24, 25, 32, 36, 39, 72, 83, 92.

The lack of a consistent network of expressways that play an important role in national and international transport connections are a significant problem. The S8 is the only completed expressway in the region. The missing sections of the S5 within the region remain under construction. The lack of the S11 expressway, whose construction is limited only to sections that constitute ring roads of individual cities, has a negative impact on the efficiency of the region’s road network – particularly the north-south direction. No sections of the S10 road are currently being prepared for realization in Wielkopolska.

Its network of national and regional roads is characterised by above-average traffic. The average daily traffic of motor vehicles on all national roads in Wielkopolska amounted to 12,171 vehicles daily in Wielkopolska (11,178 vehicles daily in Poland), and on national roads of international significance – 20,835 vehicles daily (20,067 vehicles daily in Poland). However, the average daily traffic of motor vehicles on Wielkopolska's regional roads amounted to 4250 vehicles daily (3520 vehicles daily in Poland).

The largest average daily traffic on regional roads in Wielkopolska, above 10,000 vehicles a day, was registered on the following roads:

Road infrastructure

  • no 178 – sections in: Oborniki, Czarnków, and Trzcianka
  • no 179 – section in Piła
  • no 182 – section in Czarnków
  • no 184 – sections in: Szamotuły, Pamiątkowo – Przeźmierowo
  • no 185 – section in Szamotuły
  • no 188 – section in Piła
  • no 196 – section Poznań - Murowana Goślina
  • no 260 – section in Gniezno
  • no 306 – section in Buk (ring road)
  • no 307 – section Poznań-Zakrzewo
  • no 430 – entire road: Poznań – Mosina
  • no 431 – section in Mosina
  • no 434 – sections: Kórnik – Śrem (intersection with road no 436), Gostyń – Krobia,
  • no 445 – section in Ostrów Wlkp.
  • no 470 – section in Turek
  • no 473 – section in Koło
  • former regional road no 433 (currently district road) – section in Swarzędz

 

Energy and gas
Wielkopolska is well-secured in terms of electricity. The existing layout of extra high (400 kV and 220 kV) and high (110 kV) voltage electricity networks, constituting the National Transmission and Distribution System, allows to transmit electricity from Zespół Elektrowni Pątnów Adamów Konin (Pątnów Adamów Konin Power Plant Complex) to other regions and deliver it from other power plants located throughout the country. The most important utility power plants are located mainly in the eastern part of the region. Zespół Elektrowni Pątnów I i II – Adamów – Konin S.A. (ZE PAK) is the largest source of energy in the region, providing the market with approximately 6.4% of electricity produced in the country, and makes up the second largest domestic producer of electricity obtained from lignite. There are also two more heat and power plants in Poznań – Karolin and Garbary, with a combined capacity of 1212.5 MWt of produced thermal energy and 283.5 MWe of electricity, as well as the Kalisz-Piwonice heat and power plant with installed heat capacity of 148 MWt and 8 MWe of electrical power.

The DN1400 "Yamal" high-pressure gas pipeline, connecting Russia with Western Europe, is the main part of the pipeline system. It stretches latitudinally through the central part of the region, ensuring coverage for the northern and central part of the region via a connection to national gas pipelines through the Zębowo centre. The ability to obtain supply from other European countries is provided by a network of gas main pipelines of national importance that go beyond the borders of the region and the planned transit pipeline, which will run along the southern side of the "Yamal" transit pipeline.

Wielkopolska has a developed system of nitrogen-rich gas pipelines, operating on the basis of local deposits of natural gas. It covers long-distance pipelines and upstream pipeline network connecting individual facilities of the system: blending plant in Grodzisk Wielkopolski, centres in Kotowo, Krobia, and Odolanów, together with the Grodzisk Wielkopolski Denitriding Plant (Odazotownia Grodzisk), "Bonikowo" Underground Gas Storage Facility (Podziemny Magazyn Gazy "Bonikowo"), as well as natural gas mines located in 53 mining areas.

In the region there are 247 installations that produce energy from renewable sources – with a total capacity of 788.9 MW. Most of the installations consist of wind turbines (192) with a total capacity of 626.7 MW.





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